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3.1.2 What infrastructure is needed for storage of oral rabies vaccines?

Depending on the ORV bait used in the fox rabies control campaign, cold storage may be required for deep freezing (below -20 °C) baits with sufficient capacity for both long and short term storage of large volumes (several hundreds of thousands). In any storage facility, the power supply should be secured with adequate back-up systems. If electricity is not available, kerosene and gas units are good options. Such facilities should be equipped with temperature loggers or other suitable means of recording temperature.

For short-term storage, cooling trucks (below -20 °C) might be required for transporting vaccine baits from the storage facility to the final destination in order to maintain the cold-chain. Vehicles should be equipped with temperature loggers for monitoring and ensuring that cold-chain has been maintained.

If a particular ORV campaign only requires short-term storage of vaccine baits, a cooling truck(s) (below -20 °C) can be used instead of cold storage houses. This could be an option if vaccine baits are distributed in the field immediately after transportation from the manufacturer to the customer. Vaccine producers often offer services that allow the same trucks used for transport to be used for temporary storage.

It is likely that transportable cold storage facilities (containers) will need to be available at airports if cooling trucks are not available.

If hand distribution of baits is being conducted, freezer compartments are useful for freezing vaccine baits and ice-packs can be used for maintaining the cold-chain in the field. Additional cool boxes in sufficient quantities for transportation in the field should be available.


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012