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3.2.1 What is the role of legislation in the fight against rabies?

In most countries, several laws and regulations are relevant to wildlife rabies control, and compliance with all applicable regulations is critical for the successful and effective implementation of ORV programmes. For instance, it is important that the agencies responsible for rabies control have the authority to enter private and public premises where animals are located.

The legislation should provide them with the necessary authority to carry out the action required for early detection, reporting and rapid and effective management of rabies. Such actions include the capacity to: (1) seize animals, vaccinate, quarantine (including diagnostic testing and other procedures); (2) control animals at frontiers; (3) require the destruction and safe disposal of animals considered to pose a risk of rabies transmission to public health and (4) have legal authority for hunters, staff of local authorities or volunteers to access and distribute ORV baits on targeted properties.

In some countries legislation may also stipulate procedure concerning indemnities for losses due to rabies.

At the municipality level, a variety of laws can assist in prevention and control of rabies, as described in section 3.2.10.


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012