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3.3.2 How much will an ORV programme cost?

There are direct and indirect costs associated with rabies control, e.g. ORV.
The direct costs of ORV refer to costs for the purchase and distribution of vaccine baits, including transportation, storage and other costs (informing the public, warning signs, etc.). They depend on (i) the size of the vaccination area, (ii) the bait density, (iii) the number of campaigns to be conducted per year, (iv) the price of oral vaccine baits (typical range 0.25 – 1.5 €/vaccine bait), (v) fees for aircraft [(fixed wing aircraft; range 1.5 – 4 €/sq.km.) and 37 €/sq.km. (helicopter)], and (vi) flight line distance (1000 m vs. 500 m – the latter is likely to double the number of flight hours) as described here.

Indirect costs include staff salaries for Government Veterinary Services, Wildlife Services, laboratories and local government authorities, as well as costs for diagnostic tests.

Financial incentives for hunters for expense allowance for hand distribution of baits and submission of samples for enhanced surveillance are considered to be indirect costs. See the publication by Aubert here for a more detailed example.

Since 1990, the EU has been co-financing 50 % (1990-2010) and 75 % (2010-dato) of costs for disease eradication programmes in Member States, including rabies. Click here for additional information on annual reimbursements for ORV programmes in EU Member States (purchase of vaccine baits, bait distribution and diagnostic investigations).

The EU has also been reimbursing for the costs associated with establishing a 50-100 km vaccination belt along common borders with neighbouring non-EU Member States in eastern Europe. It has financed up to 100% as a start-up financing (purchase of vaccine baits, bait distribution) for continued ORV programmes. ORV campaign costs for rabies vaccination of pets and livestock are usually paid for by the owners.

There may be opportunities to reduce costs, for example, through careful consideration of vaccination strategy, aircraft, logistics and transport costs. Well-planned, synchronised campaigns may also reduce costs.

See also sections 3.1.1.; 3.1.2.; 3.1.3.; 3.1.6.; 3.1.7. for points to consider in determining a budget.


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012