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3.3.5 What sources of funding might be available for ORV in foxes?

Funding for fox rabies control can come from many different sources:

Government funding - Usually comes through the Ministry of Agriculture and only sometimes agencies in the public health sector. Strong interaction and collaboration between these two sectors can result in optimal use of resources since properly implemented ORV and complementary vaccination of domestic animals can lead to large savings to the public health sector due to reduced demand for costly human vaccines and biologicals.

Therefore, inter-ministerial financing mechanisms, that integrate both veterinary and public health sectors, could provide a sustainable mechanism for rabies control. Because rabies outbreaks can affect tourism and animal welfare, additional funding could be sought from Ministries of Tourism and Natural Resources. Many governments provide emergency funds in the event of an unexpected outbreak.

If rabies is a notifiable disease, and therefore is subject to particular laws and controls, the government accepts responsibility, and government funding should be given priority. See also sections 3.2.4 and 3.2.5 describing which factors are important in deciding whether a disease should be notifiable.

Local government funding may be available.

Local businesses and trusts may be available.

External organisations (e.g. international and regional development organisations, international grant-making bodies, etc.) may provide funding for specific project costs or workshops, although they are unlikely to support long-term running costs.

NGOs [1] working in animal welfare, human and animal health, wildlife conservation (only where appropriate).

Universities may provide funding or non-financial resources, such as infrastructure, manpower and expertise.

Emergency funding (outbreak situation or introduction into free areas). The EU [2] and UK [3], for example, have emergency plans/financial packages to deal with disease outbreaks, which could potentially be supported by a farmers’ tax.

Private donors

Private industries – (pharmaceutical, pet food and pet insurance) may be willing to support the programme either financially or by providing resources (e.g. food, vaccines, equipment) and know-how.

EU funding (co-financing of ORV campaigns in non-EU countries). To eliminate fox rabies in Member States, the EU provides solutions for start-up financing of ORV programmes in certain areas or countries neighbouring the EU. It also provides enlargement funds for potential candidate countries (example IPA-funds Western Balkans).

• Emergency funding (outbreak situation or introduction into free areas). The EU and UK, for example, have emergency plans/financial packages to deal with disease outbreaks, which could potentially be supported by a farmers’ tax.

• EU funding (co-financing of ORV campaigns in non-EU countries). To eliminate fox rabies in Member States, the EU provides solutions for start-up financing of ORV programmes in certain areas or countries neighbouring the EU. It also provides enlargement funds for potential candidate countries (example IPA-funds Western Balkans).

[1Non-governmental organization

[2European Union

[3United Kingdom


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012