foxrabiesblueprint.org

5.3.2.3 What are the main criteria for the strategy?

A vaccination strategy is defined as a long-term, continuous plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal (see section 5.3.2.2.), ideally rabies elimination. From a manager’s point of view, a vaccination strategy needs to fulfil certain requirements such as (i) state-of-the-art science and technology, (ii) effectiveness under any conditions, (iii) cost-effectiveness (minimal expense but maximum success), (v) sustainability, and finally, but very importantly (vi) principles to follow.

The criteria selected for the strategy depend on a number of factors. The first is the epidemiological situation, but equally important are the long-term efficiency of the chosen strategy and the availability of an adequate budget. If fox rabies is endemic in large areas, as a general rule a long-term, large-scale approach is the most effective strategy, and there must be a guarantee that the ORV programme can be sustained for at least six years. If long-term funding is not feasible, it is better not to start the ORV programme. If only very specific areas have been re-infected with fox rabies, swift action could bring the matter under control much more quickly and a full ORV campaign may not be necessary.

If budget constraints cause interruption to an ORV campaign, this is likely to lead to resurgence, re-introduction or further spreading of the disease. Without contingency plans to re-start the ORV programme as soon as possible to stop the further spread of rabies, all the money spent so far up to that point may have been wasted.


PARTNER LINKS

Home | Contact | Site Map |
Version 1 - Last updated November 2012