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5.6.4 What additional measures can be implemented to keep an area free of rabies?

Efficient border controls are an additional strategy to minimise the risk of re-introduction of rabies-infected animals into “rabies free” areas. They can help avoid movement of unvaccinated, potentially rabies-infected animals, e.g. pets, by adopting “country-specific pet travel schemes” (vaccination certificate, quarantine, etc.) learning from experience in other parts of the world, e.g. EU, Latin America. All animals, especially pets, that do not comply with the requirements of the “country-specific pet travel scheme” should be refused entry into rabies-freed areas or be subjected to strict quarantine.

Regular bilateral meetings should be considered with representatives of relevant authorities in neighbouring regions, to exchange information and discuss any problems encountered. The establishment of a vaccine bait bank should also be considered, as immediate action is required in emergencies and vaccine manufacturers may not be able to fulfil the requisite demand in time. The vaccine bank should consist of a sufficiently high number of vaccine baits, taking into consideration (i) the recommended minimum size of a vaccination area, (ii) adequate bait density, and (iii) a minimum number of consecutive campaigns.


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012