What methods and strategies are available for fox vaccination?

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Vaccine bait

The ultimate goal of vaccination is to disrupt the infectious cycle by creating sufficiently high herd immunity among foxes resulting in a reduction in the number of susceptible animals.

The only successful method currently available for controlling and eliminating rabies in foxes is ORV. The use of modified live rabies virus vaccines or recombinant viruses expressing the rabies glycoprotein has proven to be the only currently available method to successfully control and eliminate rabies in foxes.

Red foxes can mount an immune response after parenteral application of an inactivated rabies virus vaccine. However, because of poor herd immunity and the method that the vaccine has to be applied, its use is limited in wildlife populations, and it does not provide a basis for mass vaccination of the target species.


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012