Rabies surveillance

Responsible authorities (MoA, veterinary and wildlife services) as follows:
• need and importance of adequate rabies surveillance, risk-based sampling, data collection, epidemiological analysis and regular reporting to national and international institutions including neibouring countries
• effective organisation of sample collection, and chain of commands

Rabies surveillance personnel (e.g. hunters, trappers, rangers and game wardens, veterinary officers, wildlife biologists and technicians), all of whom should communicate and work closely with each other as follows:
• adequate rabies surveillance and risk-based sampling; basic collection of epidemiological data, such as animal rabies cases, and hunting and trapping statistics;
• collection of animal diagnostic samples, packaging and submission to diagnostic laboratories for testing;
• epidemiological investigation of fox rabies.

NRL for rabies and/or epidemiological units as follows:
• gathering essential epidemiological baseline/denominator data (e.g. vaccination coverage, animal rabies incidence);
• database management, data analysis and interpretation to monitor progress of intervention;
• reporting and dissemination of information to competent authorities;
• epidemiological investigation of wildlife rabies/setbacks in ORV programmes.

Technical staff in rabies diagnostic laboratories as follows:
• general laboratory protocols and procedures;
• maintenance/servicing of equipment (fridges/freezers, microscopes, etc.);
• preparation/handling/storage of samples and reagents;
• basic rabies diagnostic techniques, described here.
• data recording, and reporting laboratory findings;
• organising and participating in inter-laboratory comparison tests;
• specific diagnostic tools associated with ORV; for example, detection of bait markers and serological tests (of poor quality samples).


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012