5.6.7 What do we need to do if dog-mediated rabies is re-introduced into an area after a period of absence?

The detection of rabies in illegally imported pets does not necessarily result in the loss of rabies-free status, provided immediate and proper tracing back can provide sufficient evidence that no other animals were infected and the disease has not been sustained. Vaccination of dogs and cats in the surrounding area, and quarantine measures of contact animals, depending on the vaccination status, should be considered as risk mitigating measure.

Anyone who has been in contact with the imported rabid animal will have to be traced and provided PEP if necessary. Usually the risk of a sustained spillover of dog-mediated rabies to foxes is very low; nevertheless rabies surveillance should be increased in the vicinity.


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Version 1 - Last updated November 2012